## IES Indian Engineering Services Syllabus (Mechanical, Electrical, Civil and Electronics Engineering Branch)

### IES Syllabus (ME, EE, CE and ECE)

**A) ENGLISH AND GENERAL STUDIES IES SYLLABUS:**

The English section in

**IES exam**is basically designed is such a manner that it is able to test the candidates knowledge about the subject and candidates proficiency in the subject.- Reading Comprehension
- Jumbled Sentence
- Fill in the blanks
- Sentence Correction
- Finding errors and omittions
- Cohesion in extended text etc.

Where as, the

**General awareness sections deals**with the day to day affairs of the country. This**section syllabus cannot be defined**OR**prescribed**as it is something with the candidates**ability of reading**and in this case the more he/she reads the more chances of the candidates to perform well in the particular section.**B) CIVIL ENGINEERING SYLLABUS OF IES**

**Paper I**

**1. BUILDING MATERIALS**

Timber:
Different types and species of structural timber, density-moisture
relationship, strength in different directions, defects, influence of
defects on permissible stress, preservation, dry and wet rots, codal
provisions for design, Plywood.

Bricks:
Types, Indian Standard classification, absorption, saturation factor,
strength in masonry, influence of morter strength on masonry strength.

Cement: Compounds of, different types, setting times, strength.

Cement Mortar: Ingredients, proportions, water demand, mortars for plastering and masonry.

Concrete:
Importance of W/C Ratio, Strength, ingredients including admixtures,
workability, testing for strength, elasticity, non-destructive testing,
mix design methods.

**2. SOLID MECHANICS**

Elastic
constants, stress, plane stress, Mohr s circle of stress, strains,
plane strain, Mohr s circle of strain, combined stress; Elastic theories
of failure; Simple bending, shear; Torsion of circular and rectangular
sections and simple members.

**3. STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS**

Analysis of determinate structures – different methods including graphical methods.

Analysis
of indeterminate skeletal frames – moment distribution,
slope-deflection, stiffness and force methods, energy methods,
Muller-Breslau principle and application.

Plastic analysis of indeterminate beams and simple frames – shape factors.

**4. DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURES**

Principles
of working stress method. Design of connections, simple members,
Built-up sections and frames, Design of Industrial roofs. Principles of
ultimate load design. Design of simple members and frames.

**5. DESIGN OF CONCRETE AND MASONRY STRUCTURES**

Limit
state design for bending, shear, axial compression and combined forces.
Codal provisions for slabs, beams, walls and footings. Working stress
method of design of R.C. members.

Principles
of prestressed concrete design, materials, methods of prestressing,
losses. Design of simple members and determinate structures.
Introductions to prestressing of indeterminate structures. Design of
brick masonry as per I.S. Codes.

**6. CONSTRUCTION PRACTICE, PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT**

Concreting Equipment:

Weight Batcher, Mixer, vibrator, batching plant, concrete pump.

Cranes, hoists, lifting equipment.

Earthwork Equipment:

Power shovel, hoe, dozer, dumper, trailers and tractor, rollers, sheep foot rollers, pumps.

Construction, Planning and Management:

Bar
chart, linked bar chart, work-break down structures, Activity – on –
arrow diagrams. Critical path, probabilistic Activity durations;
Event-based networks.

PERT network: Time-cost study, crashing; Resource allocation.**Paper II**

**1 A. FLUID MECHANICS, OPEN CHANNEL FLOW, PIPE FLOW**

Fluid
Properties, Pressure, Thrust, Buoyancy; Flow Kinematics; Integration of
flow equations; Flow measurement; Relative motion; Moment of momentum;
Viscosity, Boundary layer and Control, Drag, Lift; dimensional Analysis,
Modelling; Cavitation; Flow oscillations; Momentum and Energy
principles in Open channel flow, Flow controls, Hydraulic jump, Flow
sections and properties; Normal flow, Gradually varied flow; Surges;
Flow development and losses in pipe flows, Measurements; Siphons; Surges
and Water hammer; Delivery of Power Pipe networks.

**1 B. HYDRAULIC MACHINES AND HYDROPOWER**

Centrifugal
pumps, types, performance parameters, scaling, pumps in parallel;
Reciprocating pumps, air vessels, performance parameters; Hydraulic ram;
Hydraulic turbines, types, performance parameters, controls, choice;
Power house, classification and layout, storage, pondage, control of
supply.

**2 A. HYDROLOGY**

Hydrological
cycle, precipitation and related data analyses, PMP, unit and synthetic
hydrographs; Evaporation and transpiration; Floods and their
management, PMF; Streams and their gauging; River morphology; Routing of
floods; Capacity of Reservoirs.

**2 B. WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING**

Water
resources of the globe: Multipurpose uses of Water: Soil-Plant-Water
relationships, irrigation systems, water demand assessment; Storages and
their yields, ground water yield and well hydraulics; Waterlogging,
drainage design; Irrigation revenue; Design of rigid boundary canals,
Lacey s and Tractive force concepts in canal design, lining of canals;
Sediment transport in canals; Non-Overflow and overflow sections of
gravity dams and their design, Energy dissipators and tailwater rating;
Design of headworks, distribution works, falls, cross-drainage works,
outlets; River training.

**ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING**

**3 A. WATER SUPPLY ENGINEERING**

Sources
of supply, yields, design of intakes and conductors; Estimation of
demand; Water quality standards; Control of Water-borne diseases;
Primary and secondary treatment, detailing and maintenance of treatment
units; Conveyance and distribution systems of treated water, leakages
and control; Rural water supply; Institutional and industrial water
supply.

**3 B. WASTE WATER ENGINEERING**

Urban
rain water disposal; Systems of sewage collection and disposal; Design
of sewers and sewerage systems; pumping; Characteristics of sewage and
its treatment, Disposal of products of sewage treatment, streamflow
rejuvenation Institutional and industrial sewage management; Plumbing
Systems; Rural and semi-urban sanitation.

**3 C. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT**

Sources, classification, collection and disposal; Design and Management of landfills.

**3 D. AIR AND NOISE POLLUTION AND ECOLOGY**

Sources
and effects of air pollution, monitoring of air pollution; Noise
pollution and standards; Ecological chain and balance, Environmental
assessment.

**4 A. SOIL MECHANICS**

Properties
of soils, classification and interrelationship; Compaction behaviour,
methods of compaction and their choice; Permeability and seepage, flow
nets, Inverted filters; Compressibility and consolidation; Shearing
resistance, stresses and failure; soil testing in laboratory and
in-situ; Stress path and applications; Earth pressure theories, stress
distribution in soil; soil exploration, samplers, load tests,
penetration tests.

**4 B. FOUNDATION ENGINEERING**

Types
of foundations, Selection criteria, bearing capacity, settlement,
laboratory and field tests; Types of piles and their design and layout,
Foundations on expansive soils, swelling and its prevention, foundation
on swelling soils.

**5 A. SURVEYING**

Classification
of surveys, scales, accuracy; Measurement of distances – direct and
indirect methods; optical and electronic devices; Measurement of
directions, prismatic compass, local attraction; Theodolites – types;
Measurement of elevations – Spirit and trigonometric levelling; Relief
representation; Contours; Digital elevation modelling concept;
Establishment of control by triangulations and traversing – measurements
and adjustment of observations, computation of coordinates; Field
astronomy, Concept of global positioning system; Map preparation by
plane tabling and by photo grammetry; Remote sensing concepts, map
substitutes.

**5 B. TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING**

Planning
of highway systems, alignment and geometric design, horizontal and
vertical curves, grade separation; Materials and construction methods
for different surfaces and maintenance: Principles of pavement design;
Drainage.

Traffic surveys, Intersections, signalling: Mass transit systems, accessibility, networking.

Tunnelling,
alignment, methods of construction, disposal of muck, drainage,
lighting and ventilation, traffic control, emergency management.

Planning
of railway systems, terminology and designs, relating to gauge, track,
controls, transits, rolling stock, tractive power and track
modernisation; Maintenance; Appurtenant works; Containerisation.

Harbours
– layouts, shipping lanes, anchoring, location identification; Littoral
transport with erosion and deposition; sounding methods; Dry and Wet
docks, components and operational Tidal data and analyses.

Airports
– layout and orientation; Runway and taxiway design and drainage
management; Zoning laws; Visual aids and air traffic control; Helipads,
hangers, service equipment.

**C). MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SYLLABUS OF IES**

**Paper I**

**1. THERMODYNAMICS**

Cycles
and IC Engines, Basic concepts, Open and Closed systems. Heat and work.
Zeroth, First and Second Law, Application to non-Flow and Flow
processes. Entropy, Availability, Irreversibility and Tds relations.
Claperyron and real gas equations, Properties of ideal gases and
vapours. Standard vapour, Gas power and Refrigeration cycles. Two stage
compressor. C-I and S.I. Engines. Pre-ignition, Detonation and
Diesel-knock, Fuel injection and Carburation, Supercharging. Turbo-prop
and Rocket engines, Engine Cooling, Emission & Control, Flue gas
analysis, Measurement of Calorific values. Conventional and Nuclear
fuels, Elements of Nuclear power production.

**2. REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIOINING**

Modes
of heat transfer. One dimensional steady and unsteady conduction.
Composite slab and Equivalent Resistance. Heat dissipation from extended
surfaces, Heat exchangers, Overall heat transfer coefficient, Empirical
correlations for heat transfer in laminar and turbulent flows and for
free and forced Convection, Thermal boundary layer over a flat plate.
Fundamentals of diffusive and connective mass transfer, Black body and
basic concepts in Radiation, Enclosure theory, Shape factor, Net work
analysis. Heat pump and Refrigeration cycles and systems, Refrigerants.
Condensers, Evaporates and Expansion devices, Psychrometry, Charts and
application to air conditioning, Sensible heating and cooling, Effective
temperature, comfort indices, Load calculations, Solar refrigeration,
controls, Duct design.

**3. FLUID MECHANICS**

Properties
and classification of fluids, Manometry, forces on immersed surfaces,
Center of pressure, Buoyancy, Elements of stability of floating bodies.
Kinematics and Dynamics.

Irrotational
and incompressible. Inviscid flow. Velocity potential, Pressure field
and Forces on immersed bodies. Bernoulli s equation, Fully developed
flow through pipes, Pressure drop calculations, Measurement of flow rate
and Pressure drop. Elements of boundary layer theory, Integral
approach, Laminar and tubulent flows, Separations. Flow over weirs and
notches. Open channel flow, Hydraulic jump. Dimensionless numbers,
Dimensional analysis, Similitude and modelling. One-dimensional
isentropic flow, Normal shock wave, Flow through convergent – divergent
ducts, Oblique shock-wave, Rayleigh and Fanno lines.

**4. FLUID MACHINERY AND STEAM GENERATORS**

Performance,
Operation and control of hydraulic Pump and impulse and reaction
Turbines, Specific speed, Classification. Energy transfer, Coupling,
Power transmission, Steam generators Fire-tube and water-tube boilers.
Flow of steam through Nozzles and Diffusers, Wetness and condensation.
Various types of steam and gas Turbines, Velocity diagrams. Partial
admission. Reciprocating, Centrifugal and axial flow Compressors,
Multistage compression, role of Mach Number, Reheat, Regeneration,
Efficiency, Governance.

**PAPER II**

**1. THEORY OF MACHINES**

Kinematic
and dynamic analysis of planer mechanisms. Cams. Gears and gear trains.
Flywheels. Governors. Balancing of rigid rotors and field balancing.
Balancing of single and multicylinder engines, Linear vibration analysis
of mechanical systems. Critical speeds and whirling of shafts Automatic
controls.

**2. MACHINE DESIGN**

Design
of Joints : cotters, keys, splines, welded joints, threaded fasteners,
joints formed by interference fits. Design of friction drives :
couplings and clutches, belt and chain drives, power screws.

Design of Power transmission systems : gears and gear drives shaft and axle, wire ropes.

Design of bearings : hydrodynamics bearings and rolling element bearings.

**3. STRENGTH OF MATERIALS**

Stress
and strain in two dimensions, Principal stresses and strains, Mohr s
construction, linear elastic materials, isotropy and anisotropy,
stress-strain relations, uniaxial loading, thermal stresses. Beams :
Bending moment and shear force diagram, bending stresses and deflection
of beams. Shear stress distribution. Torsion of shafts, helical springs.
Combined stresses, thick-and thin-walled pressure vessels. Struts and
columns. Strain energy concepts and theories of failure.

**4. ENGINEERING MATERIALS**

Basic
concepts on structure of solids. Crystalline maferials. Detects in
crystalline materials. Alloys and binary phase diagrams. Structure and
properties of common engineering materials. Heat treatment of steels.
Plastics, Ceramics and composite materials. Common applications of
various materials.

**5. PRODUCTION ENGINEERING**

Metal Forming : Basic Principles of forging, drawing and extrusion; High energy rate forming; Powder metallurgy.

Metal
Casting : Die casting, investment casting, Shall Moulding, Centrifugal
Casting, Gating & Riser design; melting furnaces.

Fabrication
Processes : Principles of Gas, Arc, Shielded arc Welding; Advanced
Welding Processes, Weldability: Metallurgy of Welding.

Metal
Cutting : Turning, Methods of Screw Production, Drilling, Boring,
Milling, Gear Manufacturing, Production of flat surfaces, Grinding &
Finishing Processes. Computer Controlled Manufacturing Systems-CNC,
DNC, FMS, Automation and Robotics.

Cutting
Tools Materials, Tool Geometry, Mechanism of Tool Wear, Tool Life &
Machinability; Measurement of cutting forces. Economics of Machining.
Unconventional Machining Processes. Jigs and Fixtures. Fits and
tolerances, Measurement of surface texture, Comparators Alignment tests
and reconditioning of Machine Tools.

**6. INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING**

Production
Planning and Control : Forecasting – Moving average, exponential
smoothing, Operations, scheduling; assembly line balancing, Product
development, Break-even analysis, Capacity planning, PERT and CPM.

Control
Operations : Inventory control ABC analysis, EOQ model, Materials
requirement planning. Job design, Job standards, Work measurement,
Quality Management – Quality analysis and control. Operations Research :
Linear Programming – Graphical and Simplex methods, Transportation and
assignment models. Single server queueing model.

Value Engineering : Value analysis for cost/value.

**7. ELEMENTS OF COMPUTATION**

Computer
Organisation, Flow charting, Features of Common computer Languages –
FORTRAN, d Base III, Lotus 1-2-3, C and elementary Programming.

**D) ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING SYLLABUS IES**

**Paper I**

**1. EM Theory**

Electric
and magnetic fields. Gauss s Law and Amperes Law. Fields in
dielectrics, conductors and magnetic materials. Maxwell s equations.
Time varying fields. Plane-Wave propagating in dielectric and conducting
media. Transmission lines.

**2. ELECTRICAL MATERIALS**

Band
Theory, Conductors, Semi-conductors and Insulators. Super-conductivity.
Insulators for electrical and electronic applications. Magnetic
materials. Ferro and ferri magnetism. Ceramics, Properties and
applications. Hall effect and its applications. Special semi conductors.

**3. ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS**

Circuits
elements. Kirchoff s Laws. Mesh and nodal analysis. Network Theorems
and applications. Natural response and forced response. Transient
response and steady state response for arbitrary inputs. Properties of
networks in terms of poles and zeros. Transfer function. Resonant
circuits. Threephase circuits. Two-port networks. Elements of
two-element network synthesis.

**4. MEASUREMENTS AND INSTRUMENTATION**

Units
and Standards. Error analysis, measurement of current, Voltage, power,
Power-factor and energy. Indicating instruments. Measurement of
resistance, inductance, Capacitance and frequency. Bridge measurements.
Electronic measuring instruments. Digital Voltmeter and frequency
counter. Transducers and their applications to the measurement of
non-electrical quantities like temperature, pressure, flow-rate
displacement, acceleration, noise level etc. Data acquisition systems.
A/D and D/A converters.

**5. CONTROL SYSTEMS**

Mathematical
modeling of physical systems. Block diagrams and signal flow graphs and
their reduction. Time domain and frequency domain analysis of linear
dynamical system. Errors for different type of inputs and stability
criteria for feedback systems. Stability analysis using Routh-Hurwitz
array, Nyquist plot and Bode plot. Root locus and Nicols chart and the
estimation of gain and phase margin. Basic concepts of compensator
design. State variable matrix and its use in system modelling and
design. Sampled data system and performance of such a system with the
samples in the error channel. Stability of Sampled data system. Elements
of non-linear control analysis. Control system components,
electromechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic components.

**PAPER II**

**1. ELECTRCIAL MACHINES AND POWER TRANSFORMERS**

Magnetic
Circuits – Analysis and Design of Power transformers. Construction and
testing. Equivalent circuits. Losses and efficiency. Regulation.
Auto-transformer, 3-phase transformer. Parallel operation.

Basic
concepts in rotating machines. EMF, torque, Basic machine types.
Construction and operation, leakage losses and efficiency.

B.C.
Machines. Construction, Excitation methods. Circuit models. Armature
reaction and commutation. Characteristics and performance analysis.
Generators and motors. Starting and speed control. Testing, Losses and
efficiency.

Synchronous Machines.
Construction. Circuit model. Operating characteristics and performance
analysis. Synchronous reactance. Efficiency. Voltage regulation.
Salient-pole machine, Parallel operation. Hunting. Short circuit
transients.

Induction Machines.
Construction. Principle of operation. Rotating fields. Characteristics
and performance analysis. Determination of circuit model. Circle
diagram. Starting and speed control.

Fractional KW motors. Single-phase synchronous and induction motors

.

**2. POWER SYSTEMS**

Types of Power Stations, Hydro, Thermal and Nuclear Stations. Pumped storage plants. Economics and operating factors.

Power
transmission lines. Modeling and performance characteristics. Voltage
control. Load flow studies. Optimal power system operation. Load
frequency control. Symmetrical short circuit analysis. ZBus formulation.
Symmetrical Components. Per Unit representation. Fault analysis.
Transient and steady-state stability of power systems. Equal area
criterion.

Power system Transients. Power system Protection Circuit breakers. Relays. HVDC transmission.

**3. ANALOG AND DIGITAL ELECTRONICS AND CIRCUITS**

Semiconductor
device physics, PN junctions and transistors, circuit models and
parameters, FET, Zener, tunnel, Schottky, photo diodes and their
applications, rectifier circuits, voltage regulators and multipliers,
switching behavior of diodes and transistors.

Small
signal amplifiers, biasing circuits, frequency response and
improvement, multistage amplifiers and feed-back amplifiers, D.C.
amplifiers, Oscillators. Large signal amplifiers, coupling methods, push
pull amplifiers, operational amplifiers, wave shaping circuits.
Multivibrators and flip-flops and their applications. Digital logic gate
families, universal gates-combination circuits for arithmetic and logic
operational, sequential logic circuits. Counters, registers, RAM and
ROMs.

**4. MICROPROCESSORS**

Microprocessor
architecture-Instruction set and simple assembly language programming.
Interfacing for memory and I/O. Applications of Micro-processors in
power system.

**5. COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS**

Types
of modulation; AM, FM and PM. Demodulators. Noise and bandwidth
considerations. Digital communication systems. Pulse code modulation and
demodulation. Elements of sound and vision broadcasting. Carrier
communication. Frequency division and time division multiplexing,
Telemetry system in power engineering.

**6. POWER ELECTRONICS**

Power
Semiconductor devices. Thyristor. Power transistor, GTOs and MOSFETS.
Characteristics and operation. AC to DC Converters; 1-phase and 3-phase
DC to DC Converters; AC regulators. Thyristor controlled reactors;
switched capacitor networks.

Inverters;
single-phase and 3-phase. Pulse width modulation. Sinusoidal modulation
with uniform sampling. Switched mode power supplies.

**E) IES SYLLABUS FOR ELECTRONICS & TELECOMMUNICATION BRANCH**

**Paper I**

**1. MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS**

Structure
and properties of Electrical Engineering materials; Conductors,
Semiconductors and Insulators, magnetic, Ferroelectric, Piezoelectric,
Ceramic, Optical and Super-conducting materials. Passive components and
characteristics Resistors, Capacitors and Inductors; Ferrites, Quartz
crystal Ceramic resonators, Electromagnetic and Electromechanical
components.

**2. PHYSICAL ELECTRONICS, ELECTRON DEVICES AND ICs**

Electrons
and holes in semiconductors, Carrier Statistics, Mechanism of current
flow in a semiconductor, Hall effect; Junction theory; Different types
of diodes and their characteristics; Bipolar Junction transistor; Field
effect transistors; Power switching devices like SCRs, GTOs, power
MOSFETS; Basics of ICs – bipolar, MOS and CMOS types; basic of Opto
Electronics.

**3. SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS**

Classification
of signals and systems: System modelling in terms of differential and
difference equations; State variable representation; Fourier series;
Fourier transforms and their application to system analysis; Laplace
transforms and their application to system analysis; Convolution and
superposition integrals and their applications; Z-transforms and their
applications to the analysis and characterisation of discrete time
systems; Random signals and probability, Correlation functions; Spectral
density; Response of linear system to random inputs.

**4. NETWORK THEORY**

Network
analysis techniques; Network theorems, transient response, steady state
sinusoidal response; Network graphs and their applications in network
analysis; Tellegen s theorem. Two port networks; Z, Y, h and
transmission parameters. Combination of two ports, analysis of common
two ports. Network functions : parts of network functions, obtaining a
network function from a given part. Transmission criteria : delay and
rise time, Elmore s and other definitions effect of cascading. Elements
of network synthesis.

**5. ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY**

Analysis
of electrostatic and magnetostatic fields; Laplace s and Poisson s
equations; Boundary value problems and their solutions; Maxwell s
equations; application to wave propagation in bounded and unbounded
media; Transmission lines : basic theory, standing waves, matching
applications, microstrip lines; Basics of wave guides and resonators;
Elements of antenna theory.

**6. ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENTS AND INSTRUMENTATION**

Basic
concepts, standards and error analysis; Measurements of basic
electrical quantities and parameters; Electronic measuring instruments
and their principles of working : analog and digital, comparison,
characteristics, application. Transducers; Electronic measurements of
non electrical quantities like temperature, pressure, humidity etc;
basics of telemetry for industrial use.

**PAPER II**

**1. ANALOG ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS**

Transistor
biasing and stabilization. Small signal analysis. Power amplifiers.
Frequency response. Wide banding techniques. Feedback amplifiers. Tuned
amplifiers. Oscillators. Rectifiers and power supplies. Op Amp, PLL,
other linear integrated circuits and applications. Pulse shaping
circuits and waveform generators.

**2. DIGITAL ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS**

Transistor
as a switching element; Boolean algebra, simplification of Boolean
functions, Karnaguh map and applications; IC Logic gates and their
characteristics; IC logic families : DTL, TTL, ECL, NMOS, PMOS and CMOS
gates and their comparison; Combinational logic Circuits; Half adder,
Full adder; Digital comparator; Multiplexer Demulti-plexer; ROM an their
applications. Flip flops. R-S, J-K, D and T flip-flops; Different types
of counters and registers Waveform generators. A/D and D/A converters.
Semiconductor memories.

**3. CONTROL SYSTEMS**

Transient
and steady state response of control systems; Effect of feedback on
stability and sensitivity; Root locus techniques; Frequency response
analysis. Concepts of gain and phase margins: Constant-M and Constant-N
Nichol s Chart; Approximation of transient response from Constant-N
Nichol s Chart; Approximation of transient response from closed loop
frequency response; Design of Control Systems, Compensators; Industrial
controllers.

**4. COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS**

Basic
information theory; Modulation and detection in analogue and digital
systems; Sampling and data reconstructions; Quantization & coding;
Time division and frequency division multiplexing; Equalization; Optical
Communication : in free space & fiber optic; Propagation of signals
at HF, VHF, UHF and microwave frequency; Satellite Communication.

**5. MICROWAVE ENGINEERING**

Microwave
Tubes and solid state devices, Microwave generation and amplifiers,
Waveguides and other Microwave Components and Circuits, Microstrip
circuits, Microwave Antennas, Microwave Measurements, Masers, lasers;
Microwave propagation.

Microwave Communication Systems terrestrial and Satellite based.

**6. COMPUTER ENGINEERING**

Number
Systems. Data representation; Programming; Elements of a high level
programming language PASCAL/C; Use of basic data structures;
Fundamentals of computer architecture; Processor design; Control unit
design; Memory organisation, I/o System Organisation. Microprocessors :
Architecture and instruction set of Microprocessors 8085 and 8086,
Assembly language Programming. Microprocessor Based system design :
typical examples. Personal computers and their typical uses.

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