Comparison of Product Layout and Functional Layout


Comparison of Line or Product Layout and Process or Functional Layout

S.No. Line or Product Layout Process or Functional Layout
1. In line or product layout, similar machines are arranged according to the sequence of operations required for manufacturing the product. In process or functional layout, similar machines are arranged in one location for manufacturing the product.
2. It leads to transfer lines. It leads to group technology.
3. It is meant for mass production and extremely less job variety It is meant for moderate production and more job variety.
4. Work flow is not smooth in this layout
5. Job movement is very less. Job movement is comparatively more.
6. Full automation in material handling is possible in this layout. Automation in material handling is not effective in this layout.
7. Machine utilization is poor in this layout. Machinery utilization is better in this layout.
8. Capital investment required is more in this layout. Capital investment required is comparatively less in this layout.
9. Inventory requirement is less. Inventory requirement is comparatively more.
10. Breakdown of one machine affects greatly in this layout. Breakdown of one machine does not affect so much in this layout.
11. Production planning and control is easy. Production planning and control is comparatively difficult.
12. Quality of product is not so good. Quality of product quality is better
13. Work flexibility is very less in this layout Work flexibility is more in this layout
14. Space required for same amount of production is less. Space required for same amount of production is comparatively more.
15. Time taken in completion of product is less. Time taken in completion of product is more.

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