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Production engineering is the backbone of any industrialized nation. In production, manufacturing and technical staff in industry must know the various manufacturing processes, materials being processed, tools and equipment for manufacturing different components or products with optimal process plan using proper precautions and specified safety rules to avoid accidents. Beside above, all kinds of the future engineers must know the basic requirements of workshop activities in term of man, machine, material, methods, money and other infrastructure facilities needed to be positioned properly for optimal shop layouts or plant layout and other support services effectively adjusted or located in the industry or plant within a well planned manufacturing organization.
Today’s competitive production engineering era of high industrial development and research, is being called the age of mechanization, automation and computer integrated manufacturing. Due to new researches in the manufacturing field, the advancement has come to this extent that every different aspect of this technology has become a full-fledged fundamental and advanced study in itself. This has led to introduction of optimized design and production of new products. New developments in production areas are deciding to transfer more skill to the machines for considerably reduction of manual labor.
The scope of the subject of production engineering and production practices is a extremely wide as it specifies the need of greater care for man, machine, material and other equipment involving higher initial investment by using proper safety rule and precautions. The through and deep knowledge in the course of study of this important subject is therefore becoming essential for all kinds of engineers to have sound foundation in their profession. Therefore the course of study of this subject provides a good theoretical background and a sound practical knowledge to the engineering students and workshop staff. One should also be aware of the following terms for better understanding of the scope of the study.
Manufacturing process is that part of the production engineering which is directly concerned with the change of form or dimensions of the part being produced. It does not include the transportation, handling or storage of parts, as they are not directly concerned with the changes into the form or dimensions of the part produced.