About Production Engineering
Production engineering is the backbone of any industrialized nation. In production, manufacturing and technical staff in industry must know the various manufacturing processes, materials being processed, tools and equipment for manufacturing different components or products with optimal process plan using proper precautions and specified safety rules to avoid accidents. Beside above, all kinds of the future engineers must know the basic requirements of workshop activities in term of man, machine, material, methods, money and other infrastructure facilities needed to be positioned properly for optimal shop layouts or plant layout and other support services effectively adjusted or located in the industry or plant within a well planned manufacturing organization.
Scope of Production Engineering
Today’s competitive production engineering era of high industrial development and research, is being called the age of mechanization, automation and computer integrated manufacturing. Due to new researches in the manufacturing field, the advancement has come to this extent that every different aspect of this technology has become a full-fledged fundamental and advanced study in itself. This has led to introduction of optimized design and production of new products. New developments in production areas are deciding to transfer more skill to the machines for considerably reduction of manual labor.
The scope of the subject of production engineering and production practices is a extremely wide as it specifies the need of greater care for man, machine, material and other equipment involving higher initial investment by using proper safety rule and precautions. The through and deep knowledge in the course of study of this important subject is therefore becoming essential for all kinds of engineers to have sound foundation in their profession. Therefore the course of study of this subject provides a good theoretical background and a sound practical knowledge to the engineering students and workshop staff. One should also be aware of the following terms for better understanding of the scope of the study.
Production Engineering Concepts
1. Process planning.
2. Process sheets.
3. Route sheets.
5. Cutting tools, machine tools (traditional, numerical control (NC), and computerized numerical control (CNC).
6. Jigs and Fixtures.
7. Dies and Moulds.
8. Manufacturing Information Generation.
9. CNC part programs.
10. Robot programmers.
11. Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS), Group Technology (GT) and Computer integrated manufacturing (CIM)
Types of Production Process
It is the process followed in a plant for converting semi- finished products or raw materials into finished products or raw materials into finished products. The art of converting raw into finished goods with application of different types of tools, equipment, machine tools, manufacturing set ups and manufacturing processes, is known as production. Generally there are three basic types of production system that are given as under.
1. Job production
2. Batch production
3. Mass production
Importance of manufacturing in Production Engineering
Manufacturing process is that part of the production engineering which is directly concerned with the change of form or dimensions of the part being produced. It does not include the transportation, handling or storage of parts, as they are not directly concerned with the changes into the form or dimensions of the part produced.