A Survey on Environmental Hazard Monitoring:
Pollution is the introduction of substances (solid, liquid, or gas) or any form of energy (such as heat, sound, or radioactivity) to the environment with a faster rate than it can be diffused, diluted, decomposed, recycled, or stored in some non-toxic form.
Pollutants are the key components of pollution, generally waste materials of different forms. Pollution adversely affects our ecosystem and the balance in the environment. Modernization and development in our lives have led pollution reach its peak giving rise to global warming and human illness.
The main kinds of pollution are air pollution, water pollution, and land pollution. Modern society also is responsible for specific types of pollutants, such as noise pollution, light pollution, and plastic pollution. Pollution of all kinds have negative effects on the environment and wildlife and impacts human health and well-being. So, a survey was done among different proposals and this survey paper includes survey among different methods for industrial pollution detection.
A Survey on Environmental Hazard Monitoring: Industrial monitoring systems have several advantages that motivated the introduction of new methods every year with more and more advancements. Some of the advantages are:
1. Reducing Environmental Pollution.
Many of the industries such as chemical, metalworking and pharmaceutical generate a large amount of hazardous waste. Industrial monitoring help to prevent the disposal of untreated residues in the soil, air or water, preventing wildlife and human contamination. Efficient industrial monitoring strategy includes the use of biodegradable compounds and can reduce the contaminants in industrial waste waters.
2. Preventing Occupational Diseases
Industrial monitoring can reduce workplace health hazards. For example, silicosis is an occupational disease that affects miners, has been controlled by Industrial monitoring that reduces the amount of silica dust in the air. In the chemical industry, the use of appropriate garments and gear avoids direct contact with heavy metals such as lead and thereby prevents poisoning.
3. Improving Public Image
People expect companies to operate in an environmentally responsible way. Industrial monitoring helps companies showcase that responsibility, building public trust and credibility. This helps in improving relations with regulatory agencies, such as the Environmental Protection Agency. Transparent environmental monitoring also helps companies build relations with socially responsible investors.
4. Resource Management
Farmers, foresters and fisher men, staying in the industrial area can plan their work based on the environmental conditions because of the industries. The severity of the natural hazards can be lowered if people are informed about the hazards earlier. Also farmers can know about soil fertility so that they can use required fertilizers to improve yield.
“A Survey on Environmental Hazard Monitoring”: Industrial pollution is the undesirable outcome when factories or other industrial plants emits harmful by-products and wastes into the environment such as emissions to air or water bodies (water pollution), deposition on landfills etc. (land pollution) or emission of toxic chemicals into the atmosphere (air pollution). The wide variety of pollutants enter the environment and disturb the natural eco-system. In this paper recent works in the field of industrial monitoring are discussed. Many researchers had contributed and are still working in this field. There are a number of problems in existing systems, some of them have been solved but still have possibilities of improvement. In all-purpose, different industrial monitoring approaches can be used to get effective results in different scenarios.